Rehabilitation is care that can help you get back, keep, or improve abilities that you need for daily life. Rehabilitation comes in physical, mental and cognitive. Anybody may need rehabilitation at some point in their lives, following an injury, surgery, disease or illness, or because their functioning has declined with age.
“A set of interventions designed to optimize functioning and reduce disability in individuals with health conditions in interaction with their environment”
Rehabilitation is for individual who have lost abilities that they need for daily life.
Some of the most common causes include:
Injuries & Trauma
Traumatic Brain Injury
Spinal Cord Injury
Rehabilitation helps to minimize or slow down the disabling effects of chronic health conditions, such as cardiovascular disease, cancer and diabetes by equipping people with self-management strategies and the assistive products they require, or by addressing pain or other complications.
Rehabilitation is an investment, with cost benefits for both the individuals and society. It can help to avoid costly hospitalization, reduce hospital length of stay, and prevent re-admissions. Rehabilitation also enables individuals to participate in education and gainful employment, remain independent at home, and minimize the need for financial or caregiver support.
Physiotherapists can specialise in several different areas, including sports medicine,
children’s health (paediatrics), and women’s health, and within these parameters, there
are three different areas of practice. These are:
Musculoskeletal which is also called orthopaedic physiotherapy and is used to treat conditions such as sprains, back pain, arthritis, strains, incontinence, bursitis, posture problems, sport and workplace injuries, plus reduced mobility. Rehabilitation following surgery is also included within this category.
This is used to treat disorders of the nervous system, including strokes, spinal cord injuries, acquired brain injuries, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease. It can also be used for rehabilitation following brain surgery.
Cardiorespiratory physiotherapy that specialises in the prevention, rehabilitation, and compensation of clients with diseases and injuries in the heart and lungs. These conditions may manifest themselves as shortness of breath, persistent cough, increased work of breathing or the reduced ability to exercise.
Neurorehabilitation, especially for gait, requires a lot of time and physical effort from physiotherapists. Often requiring two or more people to assist with initial stages of ambulation. This limits the amount of patients that a Physiotherapist can treat, while placing economic burden on health care. Although initially expensive, robotics provide therapists with the possibility to save time, physical effort, and help more patients.